Common Names of Chemical Compounds

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We shall discuss about Common  Names of Chemical Compounds in General Science section.  Now a days these topics  have became an important part of the General Science test in not only SSC but also FCI Exams .
                Chemical Compounds
Baking Powder                 Sodium Bicarbonate
Blue Vitriol                       Copper Sulphate
Bleaching Powder            Calcium Oxychloride
Chloroform                       Trichloro Methane
Chalk (Marble)                Calcium Carbonate
Caustic Potash                 Potassium Hydroxide
Caustic Soda                    Sodium Hydroxide
Dry Ice                              Solid Carbondioxide
Epsom                               Magnesium Sulphate
Gypsum                            Calcium Sulphate
Green Vitriol                   Ferrous Sulphate
Heavy Water                   Deuterium Oxide
Vinegar                            Acetic Acid
Washing Soda                 Sodium Carbonate
Slaked Lime                    Calcium Hydroxide
Potash Alum                   Potassium Aluminium Sulphate
Quick Lime                     Calcium Oxide
Plaster of Paris               Calcium Sulphate
Mohr’s Salt                     Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate
White Vitriol                  Zinc Sulphate
Marsh Gas                       Methane
Magnesia                         Magnesium Oxide
Laughing Gas                  Nitrous Oxide
Vermelium                      Mercuric Sulphide
Sugar                                Sucrose
T.N.T.                               Trinitrotoluene
Sand                                 Silicon Oxide

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  1. 1.
    Confiscate – take or seize (someone's property)
    with authority.

    2. Famines
    – extreme scarcity of food , food shortages

    Comrade – साथी
    – a companion who shares one's activities or is a fellow member

    an organization.

    Given (n)-
    A known or established fact or

    Rampant – (especially of something unwelcome or
    unpleasant) flourishing or spreading unchecked. Uncontrolled

    Laudable – (of an action, idea, or goal)
    deserving praise and commendation.

    Spring up – come into existence

    – (of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established; difficult to

    Setting (n) – surroundings , environment

    10. Oppression
    – prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or control.

    11. Alacrity
    – eagerness , willingness , readiness ,

    12. Efficacy
    – the ability to produce a desired or intended result.

    13. Suffice
    – be enough or adequate.

    14. Interlocutor
    – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.

    15. Pragmatic
    – Practical

    16. Mitigate
    – make less severe, serious, or painful.

  2. C6H5— this is phenyl group.. replace
    H from C6H6 (benzene) through R. C6H5– R, R is Any group

  3. Look, generally we use 2- phenyl phenol (C12H11O) consisting 2 benzene rings. But there are other phenyls too with different chemical compositions.

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