The Chief Ministers of a state is appointed by the Governor says Article 164 of the Indian constitution. In no way, the Governor is free to appoint any person as the CM of India for a particular state. According to the constitution of India, the Governor of the state level is the legal head but the Chief Minister of Indian states is the (de facto executive) the real executive. Aspirants who are preparing for the govt. recruitment exams for them, knowing about the CM of India is important to ace the general awareness section. Direct and factual questions about Chief Ministers of Indian states, their office tenure and the political party they belong to are often asked in general awareness sections.
List of Chief Ministers
CM of Himachal Pradesh Virbhadra Singh is the oldest Chief Minister in India while Arunachal Pradesh’s Pema Khandu is the youngest Chief Minister. Check the list of CMs of India below.
|No||State and Union Territory||Chief Minister||Took in Office||Party|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy||30/05/2019||YSR Congress Party|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu||17/07/2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|3||Assam||Sarbananda Sonowal||24/05/2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|4||Bihar||Nitish Kumar||22/02/2015||Janata Dal (United)|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Bhupesh Baghel||17/12/2018||Indian National Congress|
|6||Delhi (NCT)||Arvind Kejriwal||14/02/2015||Aam Aadmi Party|
|7||Goa||Pramod Sawant||19/03/2019||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|8||Gujarat||Vijaybhai R. Rupani||07/08/2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|9||Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||26/10/2014||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|10||Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||27/12/2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|11||Jammu and Kashmir||Governor’s Rule||31/10/2019||–|
|12||Jharkhand||Hemant Soren Dumka||29/12/2019||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|13||Karnataka||B. S. Yediyurappa||26/07/2019||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|14||Kerala||Pinarayi Vijayan||25/05/2016||Communist Party of India (Marxist)|
|15||Madhya Pradesh||Kamal Nath||17/12/2018||Indian National Congress|
|16||Maharashtra||Uddhav Thackeray||28/11/2019||Shiv Sena|
|17||Manipur||Nongthombam Biren Singh||15/03/2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|18||Meghalaya||Conrad Sangma||06/03/2018||National People’s Party|
|19||Mizoram||Zoramthanga||15/12/2018||Mizoram National Front|
|20||Nagaland||Neiphiu Rio||08/03/2018||Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party|
|21||Odisha||Naveen Patnaik||05/03/2000||Biju Janata Dal|
|22||Punjab||Captain Amarinder Singh||16/03/2017||Indian National Congress|
|23||Rajasthan||Shri Ashok Gehlot||17/12/2018||Indian National Congress|
|24||Sikkim||Shri Prem Singh Tamang||27/05/2019||Sikkim Krantikari Morcha|
|25||Tamil Nadu||Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami||16/02/2017||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|26||Telangana||Shri K Chandrasekhar Rao||02/06/2014||Telangana Rashtra Samithi|
|27||Tripura||Shri Biplab Kumar Deb||09/03/2018||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|28||Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||19/03/2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|29||Uttarakhand||Trivendra Singh Rawat||18/03/2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|30||West Bengal||Km. Mamata Banerjee||20/05/2011||All India Trinamool Congress|
Who Is a Chief Minister?
The Chief Minister is the link between the Cabinet and the Governor. Chief Minister communicates to the Governor all decisions of the Council of Ministers. Chief Minister has to furnish information related to the administration of the State as the Governor may call for. The Governor can submit to the consideration of the Council of Ministers any matter on which decision has been taken by a Minister but which has not been considered by the Council of Ministers.
Current lieutenant governors and administrators of Union Territories
- Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Devendra Kumar Joshi (8 October 2017)
- The administrator of Chandigarh: V. P. Singh Badnore (22 August 2016)
- The administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu: Praful Khoda Patel (30 December 2016)
- Lieutenant Governor of Delhi: Anil Baijal (31 December 2016)
- The administrator of Lakshadweep: Farooq Khan (6 September 2016)
- Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry: Kiran Bedi (29 May 2016)
- Lieutenant Governors of Ladakh: Radha Krishna Mathur
- Lieutenant Governors of Jammu and Kashmir: Girish Chandra Murmu
Given below is the eligibility criteria for a person who wants to contest election for the state assembly as laid in constitution:
- Candidate must be a citizen of India.
- The candidate should be a member of the state legislature. If a candidate is elected chief minister who is not a member of the legislature, then he/she must take sign from governor.
- He/She must be 25 years of age or more while contesting the elections.
Election of Chief Minister
Elections are conducted to the State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) in a state, then the state’s governor usually invites the party (or coalition) which has the majority of seats to form the government. The governor then appoints and swears in the chief minister, whose council of Ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. The chief minister is normally appointed for a maximum of five years. There are no such limits to the number of terms that the chief minister can serve.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Who is the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh?
Ans. Yogi Adityanath of the Bharatiya Janata Party is the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Q. Who is the only female Chief Minister in India?
Ans. Mamata Banerjee in the West Bengal is the only Female Chief Minister in India
Q. Who holds the record for longest-serving Chief Minister
Ans. Sikkim’s Pawan Kumar Chamling is the longest-serving Chief Minister (1994-2019)
Q. What is the minimum age to be eligible to contest for the Chief Minister election
Ans. Candidate must be 25 years of age or more while contesting the elections.