**Q1. If a : b = c : d = e : f = 1 : 2, then (3a + 5c + 7e) : (3b + 5d + 7f) = ? **

(a) 1 : 2

(b) 1 : 4

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 8 : 7

**Q2. In a class, the number of girls is 20% more than that of the boys. The strength of the class is 66. If 4 more girls are admitted to the class, what will be the ratio of the number of boys to that of the girls ? **

(a) 1 : 2

(b) 1 : 4

(c) 3 : 4

(d) 3 : 5

**Q3. Three numbers A, B and C are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3. Their average is 600. If A is increased by 10% and B is decreased by 20%, then to get the average increased by 5%, C will be increased by **

(a) 90

(b) 100

(c) 150

(d) 180

**Q5. If a/3=b/5=c/7, then find the value of (a+b+c)/b**

(a) 1/5

(b) 1/3

(c) 3

(d) 5

**S5. Ans.(c)**

**Sol.** Given that a/3=b/5=c/7

⇒ Let a/3=b/5=c/7=K

⇒ a = 3k, b = 5k, c = 7k

=(a + b + c)/b=(3 + 5 + 7)K/5K=15/5=3

**Q6. If the average of m numbers is n^2 and that of n number is m^2, then the average of (m + n) number is :**

(a) m + n

(b) mn

(c) m/n

(d) m – n

**S6. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. **Total of (m + n) numbers =(mn^2+nm^2 )

= mn(m + n )

Average of (m + n) numbers

=(mn (m+n))/((m+n) )=mn

**Q7. The average of four numbers A, B, C, D is 40. The average of four numbers A, B, E, F is also 40. Which of the following must be true ? **

(a) A + B = C + D

(b) A – B = C – D

(c) C + D = E + F

(d) C = E and D = F

**S7. Ans.(c) **

**Sol.** (A + B + C + D) = (40 × 4) = 160,

(A + B + E + F) = (40 × 4) = 160

∴ A + B + C + D = A + B + E + F

⇒ C + D = E + F

**Q8. The mean of 100 items was found to be 30. If at the time of calculation, Two items were wrongly taken as 32 and 12 instead of 23 and 11, the correct mean is : **

(a) 29.4

(b) 29.5

(c) 29.8

(d) 29.9

**S8. Ans.(d)**

**Sol.** Sum of all the items = (100 × 30) = 3000

Correct sum = (3000 + 23 + 11 – 32 – 12) = 2990

Correct mean =2990/100=29.9

**Q9. The average age of 24 boys and their teacher is 15 years. When the teacher’s age is excluded, the average age decreases by 1 year. The age of the teacher is **

(a) 38 years

(b) 39 years

(c) 40 years

(d) 41 years

**S9. Ans.(b)**

**Sol.** Sum of the ages of 24 boys and 1 teacher = (15 × 25) = 375 years

Sum of ages of 24 boys = (24 × 14) = 336 years

Age of the teacher = (375 – 336) = 39 years

**Q10. The mean temperature of Monday to Wednesday was 37° C and that of Tuesday to Thursday was 34° C. If the temperature on Thursday was 34° C. If the temperature on Thursday was 4/5 of that of Monday, then what was the temperature on Thursday ? **

(a) 36.5°

(b) 36°

(c) 35.5°

(d) 34°

**S10. Ans.(b)**

**Sol.** M + T + W = (37 × 3) = 111 …(i)

T + W + Th = (34 × 3) = 102 …(ii)

Th =4/5 M

⇒ M=4/5 Th …(iii)

(ii) – (i) gives, M – TH = 9

⇒ 5/4 Th – Th = 9

Let the temperature on Thursday be x°

Then,

5/4 x-x=9

⇒ 5x – 4x = 36

⇒ x = 36°

Hence, the temperature on Thursday was 36°C

**Q11. The average age of 8 person in a committee is increased by 2 years when two men aged 35 years and 45 years are substituted by two women. The average age of these two women is **

(a) 28 years

(b) 30 years

(c) 36 years

(d) 48 years

**S11. Ans.(d)**

**Sol.** Increased age = (2 × 8) years = 16 years

Total ages of two men = (35 + 45) = 80 years

Total ages of new women = (80 + 16) = 96 years

Average age of these two women =96/2 = 48 years

**Q13. The average of the largest and smallest 3 digit numbers formed by 0, 2 and 4 would be **

(a) 213

(b) 303

(c) 312

(d) 222

**S13. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. **

(204 + 420)/2=624/2=312

**Q14. Out of nine persons, 8 persons spent Rs. 30 each for their meals. The ninth one spent Rs. 20 more than the average expenditure of all the nine. The total money spent by all of them was **

(a) Rs. 260

(b) Rs. 290

(c) Rs. 292.50

(d) Rs. 400.50

**S14. Ans.(c)**

**Sol.** Expenditure of 9th person = Rs. x

∴x-(x + 8 × 30)/9=20

∴(9x – x – 240)/9=20

⇒ 8x – 240 = 180

⇒ 8x = 240 + 180 = 420

⇒ x=420/8=52.5

Total expenditure = 52.5 + 240 = Rs. 292.5

**Q15. Members of a team are weighed consecutively and their average weight calculated after eafh member is weighed. If the average weight increases by one kg each time, how much heavier is the last player than the first one ?**

(a) 4 kg

(b) 20 kg

(c) 8 kg

(d) 5 kg

**S15. Ans.(c)**

**Sol.**Weight of first member = x kg