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# Reasoning Study Notes for SSC CGL and Railways

(ii) Word Anology (Non – Meaningful word)-Here non-meaningful words means group of letters which has no meaning. These are also called alphabet analogy.
E.g.1. NFK : PHM : : AXH ?

Options
1) BYI
2) ZWG
3) CZJ
4) DAK
5) YVF

Solutions (3) Each letter of the first group is moved two steps forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the second group.

E.g.2  NOP : UVW : : PON : ?

Option –
1) DVUW
2) WVU
3) WUV
4) UVW
5) UWV

Solution (2) PON is the reverse of NOP. Similarly, the of UVW is WVU.

A) Vowel Consonant Relationship

E.g.  ABD : EJL : : IPR : ORT

B) Skip letter Relationship

E.g. AB : FG : : RS : WX
Sol. Three → Three letters skipped after B.

C) Letter form Relationship

E.g.    I : T : : L : N
Sol → Pattern is one straight line in T : two straight line in T 1 : 2

D) Jumbled Letter Relationship

E.g.  GNIK : KING : : NRAEL : LEARN
Sol → Examine the question pair ‘GNIK : KING.
The second tern (KING) is made by reversing the order of the letters of the first term (GNIK)

(iii) Number Analogy – In this type, there is a certain relationship between two given numbers and we are required to find that relation and on this basis, another number is found.

Eg.1   2, 7, 14, 23 , ? , 47

1) 28
2) 34
3) 31
4) 68
Sol. The given sequence is + 5, +7, +9, ….
I.e., 2 + 5 = 7, 7 + 7 = 14, 14 + 9 = 23
Missing No = 23 + 11  = 34

Eg.2 4, 6, 12, 14, 28, 30, ……

1) 32
2) 64
3) 60
4) 40
Sol. → The given sequence is a combination of two series 4, 12, 28… and 6, 14, 30….. clearly the number to be found is from the first category.
Now the pattern followed is +8, +16,+32…
So, missing no. – 28 + 32 = 60

Find the wrong no. in the series.

Eg.3 7, 28, 63, 124, 215, 342

1) 7
2) 28
3) 124
4) 215
Sol. → The correct sequence is 23 – 1, 33 – 1, 43 – 1, etc.
Here 28 is wrong.