Artemis-1 mission: The spacecraft for NASA’s Artemis 1 moon mission has launched off from Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39B in the most recent development. Earlier, a malfunctioning ethernet switch at the radar sites caused a fresh challenge to be encountered during the launch.
Artemis-1 mission: Key Points
- By 2025, the US space agency hopes to send a woman and a person of colour to the Moon for the first time.
- Currently, three missions are in the works. There is no one aboard the Orion during the unmanned flight test known as Artemis I.
- Artemis I is an unmanned flight test of the Orion spacecraft without any crew members present.
- The 12-day Apollo 17 mission, which took place between December 7 and December 19, 1972, was the final crewed lunar mission.
- As part of the Artemis programme, NASA’s Orion spacecraft is currently en route to the Moon following the successful launch of the Space Launch System (SLS), the most potent rocket in the world. SLS launched from Launch Pad 39B at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 1:47 a.m. EST to begin its first flight test. It was carrying an unmanned Orion.
Artemis-1 mission: About the launch
- The launch is the first step in a mission that will see Orion leave Earth and travel 40,000 miles beyond the Moon before returning in 25.5 days.
- The project, known as Artemis I, is an important part of NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration strategy, which emphasises exploration for the benefit of humanity.
- The project, known as Artemis I, is an important component of NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration strategy, which emphasises exploration for the benefit of humanity. Before sending astronauts on the Artemis II mission, it is a crucial test for the agency.
Artemis-1 mission: About Orion
- Orion’s solar arrays were deployed as it reached its maiden orbit, and engineers started checking out the spacecraft’s systems.
- The rocket’s upper stage engine successfully ignited for almost 18 minutes about 1.5 hours into the journey to provide Orion the powerful thrust it required to launch it out of Earth orbit and toward the Moon.
- Orion has disengaged from its upper stage and is now travelling to the Moon using the assistance of its service module, which was developed by the ESA (European Space Agency) as part of an international partnership.
- Ten tiny CubeSats, or small satellites for science and technology, will launch from a ring that connects the upper stage to the spacecraft throughout the course of the following several hours.
- Each CubeSat has a unique mission that may help close knowledge gaps about the solar system or showcase technology that could be used for designing missions to investigate the Moon and other celestial bodies in the future.
- About eight hours after launch, Orion’s service module will also carry out the first of several burns to maintain Orion’s direction toward the Moon.
- Mission controllers at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston will perform any additional checkouts and course corrections that are required over the next few days.
- On November 21, Orion is anticipated to fly by the Moon, making a close encounter to the lunar surface en route to a far-off retrograde orbit that is thousands of miles beyond the Moon and has a highly stable orbit.
The first woman and the first person of colour will touch down on the Moon through NASA’s Artemis missions, opening the door for a sustained lunar presence and acting as a stepping stone for astronauts travelling to Mars.