About the Diseases and Causes

List of Diseases caused by Virus, Bacteria, Protozoa and Worm:
Disease caused by Viruses:
1. Chicken pox – It is caused by Varicella-zoster virus.
2. Small Pox – It is caused by Variola virus.
3. Common Cold – It is caused by Rhinovirus.
4. AIDS (Acquired Immunono Deficiency Syndrome) – It is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
5. Measles – It is caused by Measles virus.
6. Mumps – It is caused by Mumps virus.
7. Rabies – It is caused by Rabies virus (Rhabdoviridae family).
8. Dengue fever – It is caused by Dengue virus.
9. Viral encephalitis – It is an inflammation of the brain. It is caused by rabies virus, Herpes simplex, polio virus, measles virus, and JC virus.

Disease caused by Bacteria:
1. Whooping Cough – It is caused by a bacterium called Bordetella pertussis.
2. Diphtheria – It is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
3. Cholera – It is caused by Vibrio cholerae.
4. Leprosy – It is caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
5. Pneumonia – It is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.
6. Tetanus – It is caused by Clostridium tetani.
7. Typhoid – It is caused by Salmonella typhi.
8. Tuberculosis – It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
9. Plague – It is caused by Yersinia pestis.

Disease caused by Protozoans:
1. Malaria – It is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacteria – it is a single-celled parasite that multiplies in red blood cells of humans.
2. Amoebic dysentery – It is caused by Entamoeba histolytica.
3. Sleeping sickness – It is caused by Trypanosoma brucei.
4. Kala azar – It is caused by Leishmania donovani.

Disease caused by Worms:
1. Tapeworn – They are intestinal parasites. It cannot live live on its own. It survives within the intestine of an animal including human.
2. Filariasis – It is caused by thread-like filarial nematode worms. Most cases of filaria are caused by the parasite known as Wuchereria bancrofti.
3. Pinworm – It is caused by small, thin, white roundworm called Enterobius vermicularis.

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25 Comments

  1. NOTE: There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in Tier-I. In Tier-II,
    there will be negative marking of 0.25 marks in Paper-II and 0.50 marks in Paper-I and PaperIII
    for each wrong answer.

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