Important Polity Questions for SSC Exam 2018: 27 December



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Q1. Which of the following was not a member of the drafting committee of the constitution-
इनमें से कौन संविधान की ड्राफ्टिंग समिति का सदस्य नहीं था?
(a) B.R.Ambedkar/ बी आर अम्बेडकर
(b) Alladi Krishnaswamy/ अलादी कृष्णास्वामी
(c) Gopalaswami Ayyangar/ गोपालस्वामी अयंगार
(d) Rajendra Prasad / राजेन्द्र प्रसाद
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. The Drafting Committee had seven members: Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, N. Gopalaswami; B.R. Ambedkar, K.M Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla, B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan. At its first meeting on 30th August 1947, the Drafting Committee elected B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman. It was this committee that was entrusted with the task of preparing in a draft of the new constitution. 


Q2. The Constituent Assembly of India was constituted on the scheme of –
भारत की संविधान सभा किस योजना पर गठन किया गया था
(a) Wavell plan / वावेल योजना
(b) Cripps mission/ क्रिप्स मिशन
(c) August offer / अगस्त ऑफर
(d) Cabinet mission/कैबिनेट मिशन
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. The United Kingdom Cabinet Mission of 1946 came to India aimed to discuss the transfer of power from the British government to the Indian leadership, with the aim of preserving India's unity and granting it independence. Formulated at the initiative of Clement Attlee, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, the mission had Lord Pethick-Lawrence, the Secretary of State for India, Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board of Trade, and A. V. Alexander, the First Lord of the Admiralty.

Q3. The Westminster parliamentary system was developed in ___________.
वेस्टमिंस्टर संसदीय प्रणाली ___________ में विकसित की गई थी।
(a) Spain/स्पेन
(b) Australia/ऑस्ट्रेलिया
(c) UK/यूके
(d) USA/अमेरीका
Show Answer
Ans.(c)
Sol. The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature.

Q4. The “Rule of law” is the specialty of which of the following-
"रूल ऑफ़ लॉ" निम्नलिखित में से किस देश की विशेषता है-
(a) Britain / ब्रिटेन
(b) USA/ अमेरिका
(c) France /फ्रांस
(d) Switzerland/ स्विट्ज़रलैंड
Show Answer
Ans.(a)
Sol. The rule of law is one of the fundamental principles of UK' s unwritten or uncodified constitution .

Q5. Fundamental Rights of Indian constitution have been adopted from which of the following nation-
भारतीय संविधान के मौलिक अधिकारों को निम्नलिखित देशों में से अपनाया गया है-
(a) America /अमेरिका
(b) U.K./ यू.के.
(c) Soviet Russia / सोवियत रूस
(d) None of these/इनमें से कोई नहीं
Show Answer
Ans.(a)
Sol. The six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution are the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to constitutional remedies.

Q6. What is the minimum age required to become vice-president of India?
भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति बनने के लिए न्यूनतम आयु क्या है?
(a) 30 years / वर्ष
(b) 35 years/ वर्ष
(c) 40 years / वर्ष
(d) 37 years/वर्ष
Show Answer
Ans.(b)
Sol. The minimum age required to become Vice-President is 35 years according to Article 66(3)(b) of Indian Constitution.

Q7. Which of the following Article/Articles cannot be suspended even during emergency?
आपातकाल के दौरान भी निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा अनुच्छेद निलंबित नहीं किया जा सकता है?
(a) Article 19/ अनुच्छेद 19
(b) Article 20 and 21/ अनुच्छेद 20 और 21
(c) Article 22 and 23/ अनुच्छेद 22 और 23
(d) Article 24 and 25/ अनुच्छेद 24 और 25
Show Answer
Ans.(b)
Sol. The 44th amendment of the constitution took place in 1978 and article 359 was amended and it provided that article 20&21 could not be suspended even during declaration of emergency.


Q8. Which Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution states that every person has the right to practice, profess and propagate the religion of their choice.
भारतीय संविधान में कौन सा मौलिक अधिकार बताता है कि प्रत्येक व्यक्ति को अपनी पसंद के धर्म का अभ्यास, प्रचार और प्रसार करने का अधिकार है।
(a) Right to Equality / समानता का अधिकार
(b) Right to Freedom/ स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
(c) Right against Exploitation / शोषण के विरुद्ध अधिकार
(d) Right to Freedom of Religion/ धर्म की स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. Article 25 guarantees Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion according to their choice.

Q9. How many Fundamental Duties are mentioned in Indian constitution?
भारतीय संविधान में कितने मौलिक कर्तव्यों का उल्लेख किया गया है?
(a) Five /पांच
(b) Seven/सात
(c) Nine/नौ
(d) Eleven/ग्यारह
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the government earlier that year. Originally ten in number, the Fundamental Duties were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002.

Q10. Who administers the oath of the President of India?
भारत के राष्ट्रपति की शपथ कौन प्रशासित करता है?
(a) Governor General of India / भारत के गवर्नर जनरल
(b) Chief Justice of India/ भारत के मुख्य न्यायाधीश
(c) Prime Minister of India/ भारत के प्रधान मंत्री
(d) Vice President of India/ भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति   
Show Answer
Ans.(b)
Sol. According to Article 60(Oath or affeirmation by President), Chief Justice of India administers the oath of the President of India.

Q11. Which of the following has the supreme command of the Indian Defence Forces?
इनमें से कौन सा भारतीय रक्षा बलों का सर्वोच्च आदेश है?
(a) Prime Minister of India /भारत के प्रधान मंत्री
(b) Defence Minister of India/ भारत के रक्षा मंत्री
(c) Council of Ministers of India / भारत का मंत्रिमंडल
(d) President of India / भारत का राष्ट्रपति
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.

Q12. What is the literal meaning of ‘Certiorari’?
'Certiorari' का शाब्दिक अर्थ क्या है?
(a) We command/ हम आज्ञा देते है
(b) To have the body of/ शरीर धारण करना
(c) To forbid/ मना करना
(d) To be certified (or) to be informed/ प्रमाणित किया जाना (या) सूचित किया जाना
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. Literally, ‘Certiorari’ means-To be certified (or) to be informed. It can be issued by Supreme Court or any High Court for quashing the order already passed by an inferior court, quasi-judicial body or or judicial tribunal.


Q13. What is the minimum age for becoming a Governor of state in India?
What is the minimum age for becoming a Governor of state in India?
भारत में राज्यपाल बनने के लिए न्यूनतम आयु क्या है?
(a) 30 years/वर्ष
(b) 25 years/वर्ष
(c) 35 years/वर्ष
(d) 45 years/वर्ष
Show Answer
Ans.(c)
Sol. According to Article 58(1)(b) the minimum age for becoming Governor of State in India is 35 years.

Q14. Which of the following “writ” of the High Court or the Supreme Court is issued to restrain a person from holding a public office which he is not entitled to?
निम्नलिखित में से किस "रिट" में उच्च न्यायालय या सुप्रीम कोर्ट किसी व्यक्ति को वह सार्वजनिक कार्यालय रखने से रोकने के लिए जारी किया जाता है, जिसके लिए वह हकदार नहीं है?
(a) Centiorari/ उत्प्रेषण-लेख
(b) Mandamus/ परमादेश
(c) Prohibition/ निषेध
(d) Quo Warranto/ क्वॉ वारंटो
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. Quo warranto means “by what warrant”? This writ is issued to enquire into legality of the claim of a person or public office. It restrains the person or authority to act in an office which he / she is not entitled to and thus stops usurpation of public office by anyone. This writ is applicable to the public offices only and not to private offices. 

Q15. In which year was Communist Party of India - Marxist (CPI-M) founded?
भारत की कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी - मार्क्सवादी (CPI - M) की स्थापना किस वर्ष में हुई थी?
(a) 1885
(b) 1980
(c) 1984
(d) 1964
Show Answer
Ans.(d)
Sol. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M)) is a communist party in India. The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. The CPI(M) was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964.



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