Learn Vocab With Daily News Articles For Govt Exams: 11 July

Dear Aspirants,

Daily Vocab For Various Competitive Exams: 25th June 2018
If we speak of hot topics like career, education and a propitious life, the English Language is ineluctable. In Exams like SSC CPO and and SSC CGL where dealing with English and General Awareness Section is mandatory, reading this way is beneficial. If you find it arduous to learn new words in a plain mode, ADDA247 is here to buttress your learning skills in a more fun and productive way.

Taking felicitous snippet from well reputed newspaper editorials, our motive is not just to make you learn the English language but keep you updated with the current affairs and events across the world which are important from the govt exams point of view. Either you are a job aspirant or a working person or just want to outsmart others, this is a befitting platform to expedite your performance thoroughly.

Thus in almost all administrative matters of consequence, the Lieutenant Governor acted as though he was the final word and that it was not necessary for him to seek the aid and advice of the elected government. A government for 20 million residents of Delhi was told that it could not govern if the Lieutenant Governor chose to not let them govern. Last week’s Supreme Court judgment in the Government of the NCT of Delhi has finally put an end to such constitutional coups. Cutting to the heart of all the political and constitutional wrangling, the judgment unanimously affirms the principle of an elected representative being vested with the power to administer democratically. It negates the bureaucratic usurpation of power that sought to operate in constitutional interstices, at the instance of an inimical central government. The majority judgment of Chief Justice Dipak Misra says: “There is no room for absolutism. There is no space for anarchy… Ours is a parliamentary form of government guided by the principle of collective responsibility of the Cabinet.

The Cabinet owes a duty towards the legislature for every action taken in any of the Ministries and every individual Minister is responsible for every act of the Ministry… This principle of collective responsibility is of immense significance in the context of ‘aid and advice’. If a well deliberated legitimate decision of the Council of Ministers is not given effect to due to an attitude to differ on the part of the Lieutenant Governor, then the concept of collective responsibility would stand negated.” Justice Chandrachud in his concurrence holds that, “In a cabinet form of government, the substantive power of decision making vests in the Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head. The aid and advice provision contained in the substantive part of Article 239AA(4) recognises this principle. 

1. Coups: (noun) : सफलता
Meaning: a successful result brought about by hard work
Synonyms: accomplishment, achievement, acquirement, attainment, baby, success, triumph
Antonyms: botch, mess, muddle, shambles, bummer, bust, catastrophe, debacle, disaster, dud, failure, fiasco, fizzle, flop, washout, disappointment, letdown, loss, setback

2. Wrangle: (verb) : तकरार
Meaning: to express different opinions about something often angrily
Synonyms: altercate, argue, bicker, brabble, brawl, controvert, dispute, fall out, fight, hassle, jar, quarrel, quibble, row, scrap, spat, squabble, tiff
Antonyms: coexist, get along, accept, agree, assent, concur, consent

3. Vest: (verb) : आधिकारिक या कानूनी शक्ति देना
Meaning: to give official or legal power to
Synonyms: accredit, authorize, certify, commission, empower, enable, invest, license (also licence), qualify, warrant
Antonyms: disqualify

4. Negate: (verb) : खंडन करना
Meaning: to declare not to be true
Synonyms: contradict, deny, disaffirm, disallow, disavow, disclaim, disconfirm, disown, gainsay, negative, refute, reject, repudiate
Antonyms: acknowledge, admit, allow, avow, concede, confirm, own

5. Usurpation: (noun) : हड़प लेना, हथिया लेना
Meaning: the unlawful taking or withholding of something from the rightful owner under a guise of authority
Synonyms: appropriation, arrogation, commandeering, expropriation, preemption, seizure, takeover

6. Interstice: (noun) : अन्तराल
Meaning: a break in continuity
Synonyms: discontinuity, gap, hiatus, hiccup (also hiccough), interim, interlude, intermission, interregnum, interruption, interval
Antonyms: continuation, continuity

7. Inimical: (adjective) : शत्रुतापूर्ण
Meaning: marked by opposition or ill will
Synonyms: adversarial, adversary, antagonistic, antipathetic, hostile, inhospitable, jaundiced, mortal, negative, unfriendly, unsympathetic
Antonyms: friendly, hospitable, nonantagonistic, nonhostile, sympathetic

8. Absolutism: (noun) : निरंकुश राज्य का सिद्धान्त
Meaning: a system of government in which the ruler has unlimited power
Synonyms: authoritarianism, autocracy, czarism , despotism, dictatorship, totalitarianism, tyranny
Antonyms: democracy, self-governance, self-government, self-rule, freedom, self-determination
autonomy, sovereignty

9. Deliberate: (adjective) : जानबूझकर
Meaning: decided on as a result of careful thought
Synonyms: advised, calculated, considered, knowing, measured, reasoned, studied, thoughtful, thought-out, weighed
Antonyms: casual, unadvised, uncalculated, unconsidered, unstudied

10. Affirm: (verb) : अभिपुष्ट करना
Meaning: to state as a fact usually forcefully
Synonyms: allege, assert, aver, avouch, avow, claim, contend, declare, insist, maintain, profess, protest, purport, warrant
Antonyms: deny, gainsay

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